The state Sikkim is en wrapped by the Himalayas, which is a home of the world’s highest peak ‘Kanchenjunga’. This state offers a rich life, with variety of cultures and natural beauty, making it a sought after tourist destination. This state is separated by:
- The Singalila range from Nepal in west
- The Chola range from Tibet in the north-east and
- Bhutan in the south-east.
The culture of Sikkim is same as that of its fellow neighbours Nepal, Bhutan, and Tibet. So many languages are spoken in this state, which includes Bhutia, Lepcha, Limbu, Newari, Kulung, Gurung, Manggar, Sherpa, Tamang and Sunwar.
Census of 2011 says the estimated population of Sikkim is around 6 lacs, which has approximately grown by 1 lacs since last census. Sikkim is also second smallest state in India, with least population. Literacy rate is 82.20 percent in Sikkim as per 2011 population census.
Talking about history of Sikkim, Lepcha people were first inhabitants. Sikkim finds its mention on many Hindu texts as “Indrakali” or “Garden of Lord Indra”. In 1642, the 5th generation descendant of Guru Tashi, Phutsong Namgyal was blessed as first Denjong Gyalpo or King of Sikkim by three great Lamas came from north, west and south to Yuksom Norbugang in west Sikkim.
Sikkim’s botanical and zoological luxury is truly impressive. Varieties of birds and butterflies in Sikkim are matches only by incredible diversity in the animal and botanical world, feed by unique dramatic geographical features. This state has more than six hundred orchid varieties, drizzle of cardamom fruit orchards and terraced rice paddies. It is a very small hilly state in eastern Himalayas. This state is a part of inner ranges of the mountains of Himalayas which has no open valley and no plains carried elevations ranging from 300 to 8583 meters above means sea level. For most of the period in a year, climate of Sikkim is cold and humid as rainfall occurs in each month.
Sikkim is gifted with abundant natural resources. These resources can be grouped into biotic or abiotic Biotic resources include agriculture crops and forests. The entire Himalayas is gifted with natural flora and fauna and natural paradise for nature lovers. There are 4000 species of flowing plants, 300 species of ferns and its allies, 11 species of Oaks, 8 species of tree ferns, 20 species of bamboos. This state is also rich 144 species of mammals.
To enjoy such a beauty of Sikkim in coming vacations, you must select one of the best Sikkim Packages available at various sites.