In India wildlife is largely depends on river water which gives life to the wild animals. In India lion is not king of forest, instead that symbolic throne is held by the ‘Tiger’, who is India’s official national animal. To enjoy close view of this national animal in India and also to enjoy wild life we must experience a best ‘Tiger Safari In India’, at least once in life. Some of the important parts of this wildlife are explained below.
The Ganga and the Brahmaputra rivers are run down to sea from their headwaters in the high mountains of northern India. These two rivers are the nation’s most sacred waterways which are also home for a rich tapestry of wildlife, including greatest concentration of tigers in the world.
In the marshes of Bharatpur, millions of water owl use to build a nest, feed there and also creating a small world of birds. It is also home for fishing cats, which catches fish with their hook-like claws, and for monitor lizards. Bharatpur Bord Sanctuary known as largest bird sanctuary in Asia, which is famous for a refuge of migratory birds like barons, ibis, pelicans and painted storks that makes it their temporary home in the winter months.
Kaziranga is the land of giants. Elephants, rhinos, giant water buffalo, and tigers are also found in this grassy land. Finally, where the Ganges empties into the sea, Sundarban is the tigers land. The tiger may take no notice of the tiny mudskippers, fish that can wave across the tidal flats at low water in search of a sheltering pool. But tigers pay attention to the deer and other prey that inhabit the tangled vegetation.
India’s northern border is the highest mountain chain in the world, snow covered Himalayas. In this area snow leopard is well prepared to prosper in the steep terrains, walking in Himalayan ibex, blue sheep, and other prey across the rocky, hilly slopes.
The Western Ghats or the Sahyandri constitute a mountain range in western side of India which is one of the eight hottest hotspots of biological diversity in world. It is UNESCO World Heritage Site. A total of thirty nine properties including national parks, wildlife sanctuaries and reserve forest were designated as world heritage sites – twenty in Kerala, ten in Karnataka, five in Tamil Nadu and four in Maharashtra.
Some of the famous national parks in India, which serves both of these essential components of wildlife, are:
- Pench National Park
- Kanha National Park
- Bandhavgarh National Park
- Jim Corbett National Park and so on…