Satpura National Park is located in district Hoshanabad of Madhya Pradesh in Central India. It gets the name from Satpura hill ranges. It covers of 524 square km. Satpura National Park along with the adjoining Bori and Panchmarhi Sanctuary, provides 1427 square km of unique Central Indian Highland ecosystem. In 1981 Satpura National Park was established.
In May 2009 it became in news due to arrival of a new generation of tigers in cradle of Satpura hills. The tiger reserve is still unexplored and virgin offers picturesque natural scenery and some unseen wildlife species with plants having magical medicinal qualities. The terrain of the national park is extremely rugged and consists of sandstone peaks, narrow gorges, ravines and dense forests; it also helps largely to the ‘Tiger Safari In India’. The tiger reserve offers panoramic view of nature at its best with rocky mountain peaks, gorges, gurgling water falls, sparkling stream, dense deep valleys, rivulets etc. this unexplored hill station was first explored by Captain James Forsyth of British Army in 1857. It was became a sanatorium for British troops in the Central Provinces of India.
Bio-diversity of national park is stunning with 1300 species of plants. Flora includes teak, sal, tendu, mahua, bel, bamboos, grasses, bushes, unchecked grown lantanas and other many medicinal plants. The fauna includes tiger, leopard, Indian gaur, wild boar, flying squirrel, mouse deer, Indian squirrel, black buck, blue bull, crocodile, wild dog, four horned antelope etc. wildlife in Satpura national park consists of 50 species of mammals, more than 30 species of reptiles and 254 species of avi-fauna. Frequently seen bird species are honey buzzards, crested hawk eagles, crested serpent eagles, thrushes, pittas, paradise flycatchers, Malabar pied hornbills, grey hornbills, peafowl, shahin falcon etc.
The Satpura Tiger Reserve is believed to be one of central India’s best kept secrets. To truly understand the secrets ways to jungle, to appreciate the working of its innermost recesses, to see and learn the signs and tracks that wildlife leaves through the forest you have to take to your feet. The most pleasant months to visit Satpura National Park are from October to March, but April and May provide the best wildlife sightings. Bhopal is 135 kilometers away, about three hours by car.