Mountaineering In Sikkim

Sikkim shares a mountainous border with Nepal in the west, with China in north and east. Most of the peaks in the Sikkim Himalaya are considered to be sacred as the Sikkim’s people worship the nature deities. Doug Fresh field was one of the early mountaineers to visit Khanchendzonga area in 1899.Paul Bauer made first attempt to reach the summit in 1929 and second attempt in 1931 and reached an altitude of 26,000 ft. CharlescEvans in 1955 defeat Kanchendzonga below few feet the summit. In 1977 Major Prem Chand reached a few feet below the summit and in 1987 Assam Rifles expedition attempted the peak. Hukam Singh and Yoshio Ogata in 1991 defeat the peak.

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In west Sikkim, peaks like Kabru which is 7338 meter were climbed in 1935 by C.R.Cook and Kokthang, Ranthong peaks were climber much later. There are many peaks around Kanchendzonga which are tempting and an open invitation to climbers.

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Trekking Peaks

Mt. Thingchinkhang which is 5603 meter snd Mt. Jopunu which is 6010 meter are located in western Sikkim and under the KAnchendzonga National Park. It is famous for natural beauties, bio-diversity, sacred lakes and snow-capped mountains. Some other peaks across Okhlathang valley are Gocha, Ranthong, Kabru sisters, Siniolchu. Mt. Makalu in Nepal is also seen from these peaks.

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Peaks In West Sikkim

Name Of Peak Height Location
Frey Peak 5830 Meter Chauringang
Mt. Tenchenkhang 5603 Meter West Sikkim
Mt. Joponu 6010 Meter West Sikkim

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Peaks In South Sikkim

Name Of Peak Height Location
Lama Wangden 5868 Meter Lachen
Brumkhngse 5635 Meter Yumthang

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For all above peaks permits will be issued by Home Department.

May to October is the best season to climb in Sikkim. The Indian Mountaineering Foundation is the country’s top body that helps in organizing mountaineering journey. Foregin expeditions have to book a peak along with a peak fee. It is compulsory for journey in Sikkim to take a license officer from Sikkim Mountaineering Association along with license officer from Indian Mountaineering Foundation (IMF).

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Such a beautiful experience of Mountaineering in Sikkim, enlights more beautifully your best selected ‘Sikkim Holiday Packages’, and gave you unforgettable memories.

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What To Wear In Kashmir??????

The answer to the question “what to wear in Kashmir while traveling” is rely on the valley’s season. If you are visiting Kashmir in summers, then it is advisable to wear cotton clothes. Though, Kashmir is not very hot during summer like other places in India, but still, the weather is a little bit warm. During spring season and autumn season in Kashmir, light woolens are the perfect clothes to wear, because in spring and also in autumn, cool breeze blows in the Kashmir valley. The winters in Kashmir are too cold and chilly, so in this season heavy woolens are the best answer to question of “how to dress up” in Kashmir.

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Now, let’s talk more about the traditional costumes in Kashmir, as whenever we are going to J&K with best ‘Kashmir Holiday Packages’, then we must be aware about each and every tradition of this state. Here you will get complete details about costumes in Kashmir.

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Jammu and Kashmir is well known for embroidery and intricate designs, as they reflect the richness of the culture of the region. Their clothing s designed by considering the cold climate of region. ‘Pheran’ which is the traditional form of dress, is more popular among both men and women.

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Costumes in Kashmir for Men:

Hindu men in Kashmir, usually prefer to wear chiridars whereas Muslims wear salwars  beneath for traditional Pherans. It is the loosely fitted woolen garment which uses Kangri (earthen vessel filled with flaming coal). The main function of Kangri is to keep the wearer warm especially during extreme cold winters. Pathani suit, also known as Khan-dress is again one of the popular costume among mens especially in Srinagar.

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Costumes in Kashmir for Women:

Pheran is again a traditional attire of Kashmiri women’s. Their Pheran usually had zari embroidery on the hem line and collar too. Pheran of Muslim women’s is especially characterized by broad sleeves, reach up to knees. Apart from this the Pheran of Hindu women’s is stretching up to their feet, with narrow down sleeves. Along with Pheran, they also wear red headgears, which are known as ‘’Kasaba’. It is stitched in the form of turban, and is pinned together with ornaments and silver brooches.

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Festivals In Sikkim

There are numerous festivals celebrated in Sikkim throughout the year. Most of the people of Sikkim follow Buddhism, the festival celebrated here are associated with Buddhist and are celebrated according to Buddhist calendar. In Gompas or Monatseries of Sikkim most of the festivals are celebrated where people gather in large number to celebrate the occasion. During these festivals people of Sikkim perform colorful dance and music.

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Most interesting form of ritual dance of Lamas is ‘Chaam’ which feature colorful masks and charming musical instrument. Lamas dressed with gaily painted masks, sparking jewels, ceremonial swords and swing to rhythm of drums, music and horns. Following are some festivals celebrated in Sikkim :

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Saga Dawa Festival:

Saga dawa is a festival that celebrates and marks the various stages in Buddha’s life starting with his birth then enlightenment and finally his nirvana. Saga dawa is held on the full moon of 4th month of the Buddhist calendar in the end of May or early June.

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Lhabab Dunchen Festival:

This festival symbolizes the descent of Lord Buddha from the heavens. Lha means ‘heaven’ and bab means ‘descent’. This festival celebrates Lord Buddha’s descent from deva realm after teaching his deceased mother, Mahamaya, Lhabab Duchen occurs on 22nd day of ninth lunar month each year.

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Losar Festival:

Losar is Tibetan New Year festival and is marked with lot of gaiety, festivity, feasting and merrymaking. It is celebrated in the month of first week of February

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Drupka Teshi Festival:

Drupka Teshi festival is celebrated by the Buddhists. Falls on fourth day of sixth Tibetan month, around August and celebrates Buddha’s first preaching of four ‘Noble Truths’ to his first five disciples in deer park at Sarnath in Gangtok which is secluded place called ‘Muguthang’ in extreme north Sikkim.

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Bumchu Festival:

Bumchu, an age old festival of Sikkim is celebrated at Tashiding Monastery in month of January. The word Bum means pot or vase and Chu means water. During this festival, the Lamas of monastery open the pot containing holy water where level of water is predict the future. If water is to the brim, symbolizes bloodshed and disturbances and if pot is almost dry which symbolizes famine and it is half full, it foretells a year in which peace and prosperity will prevail.

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Losoong Festival:

Lossong festival is celebrated on the occasion of end of the harvest season and the end of tenth month of Tibetan year in the rural Sikkim and it is marked as Bhutia festival. Chaam dancing at monasteries at Palace, Phodong and Rumtek, archery competitions and other festivities mark the occasion.

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Tendong Lho Rum Faat Festival:

Specific to Lepchas, this festival marks the celebration of Tendong Hill. As per Legend, the hill had risen like a horn during a great flood to save the Lepchas.

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Tihaar Festival:

It is celebrated as festival of lights in Sikkim i.e. Diwali. This festival is celebrated with lighting of Lamps accompanied with traditional caroling called Deusi and Bhailo.

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Dasain Festival:

Dasain is the main festival of Hindu Nepalese in Sikkim before few weeks of Lossong festival. This too signifies the victory of good over evil. The elders of family apply ‘Tika’ on younger and bless them.

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Other festivals are also celebrated in Sikkim namely Phang Lhabsol, Kagyed Dance and The Kalchakra Puja. The people who are going for ‘Sikkim Holiday Packages’ must be aware about these festivals celebrated in Sikkim.

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Languages of Kashmir

Kashmir is one of the best tourist destinations in India, due to which there is great demand for best ‘Kashmir Holiday Packages’. Whenever we are going for any of such holidays, we must be aware about the local languages in that state. Being a biggest tourist destination, most of the people in Kashmir are aware about our national language ‘Hindi’, but still to make you more informative, here I am giving some information about the different languages in Kashmir.

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Among all the different languages in Kashmir, the most dominant is the native Kashmiri language. Other languages which are common in Kashmir valley are Urdu, Hindi and English. The details provided below will give you more information about the major languages spoken in Kashmir.

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Kashmiri 

Majority of the population in Kashmir, speaks in Kashmiri language. It is an Indo-Aryan language and which is popularly known as Koshur. This linguistic classification of languages, grouped it into Dardi, Khowar dialects, and Shrinya, by the oppositions.  These languages are spoken in the nearby areas to the valley. Language founders and interpreters have often says that, the above-mentioned accents are fall in that category of languages which can bear the affinity to both the Indo-Aryan as well as to the Indo-Iranian languages.

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Philologists believe that, like that of the earliest Naga inhabitants of mountains of Kashmir which have been cut off from the mainstream Aryans (viz. the Ghandarvas, the Yakshas, the Kinnaras etc.), their language took some time to accept the influences and get merged with the main Aryan languages. The main Naga language was developed by its own and changes naturally like that of any other language.

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Hindi 
It is the second most widely spoken language of Kashmir. Mainly the Kashmiri Pandits and the Gujjar population of Kashmir, prefer to speak in Hindi.

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Urdu 
It is also one of the best known languages in Kashmir, which is spoken by the Muslim population in Kashmir. It is an Indo-European language, which sounds very much similar to Hindi. It is the only language which is written and read from right to left.

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English 
We can easily find local people in Kashmir conversing in English, especially the businessmen, guides, and many such people.

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How To Reach At Kashmir????????

Kashmir is one of the most popular tourist destinations in India. It is surrounded by Pakistan, China, and many other famous countries. Due to its popular location, and beautiful tourist spots, number of domestic as well as international travellers comes to Kashmir. Being a popular place, transportation is not a big issue here. Kashmir serves such great transportation facilities, which makes journey of all the foreign and local tourists very comfortable.

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In these vacations, if you planning to spend your holidays at Kashmir, then various ‘Kashmir Holiday Packages’, are available at different sites with various rates. In all these packages the mode of transportation is an important point, depends on which there rates are varying. The various modes of reaching to Kashmir valley of India are air, rail and road. Traveling to Kashmir is quite easy and accessible, as the valley is well linked to all other parts of India with a well-developed network of roads, air and rail. Let’s talk about each of them in detail:

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By Air 
In J & K state, the airports are available at Srinagar, Jammu and Leh. Among them Srinagar Airport is the most famous and biggest one. Srinagar airport is just km away from the city. There are daily flights to Srinagar, from Delhi, Jammu and Mumbai which are operated by Indian Airlines and Jet Airways too. Many international flights are also linked to Srinagar Airport.

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By Rail 
Jammu Tawi, which is approximately 305 km away, is the nearest railway head for Srinagar. Daily trains from Delhi, Pune, Calcutta, Mumbai and many other important cities arrive at this station only. During peak seasons of holidays, as there is a heavy rush of tourists for Kashmir, additional trains are operate to and from this station.

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By Road 
National Highway 1-A is the main highway, which connects Srinagar with Jammu. J & K State Road Transport Corporation (SRTC) and also number of Private Super deluxe, A-class and B-class busses are operate to and from the state. Private taxis are also available for the tourists, to travel to Kashmir.

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Rumtek Monastery In Sikkim

Rumtek also called Dharma Chakra Centre, is a Tibetan Buddhist Monastery located in the Indian State of Sikkim near the capital city Gangtok. Dharma Chakra Centre or Rumtek Monastery is one of the most important seats of the Kagyu lineage outside Tibet. In early 1960’s, his holiness the Sixteenth Gyalwang Karmapa, founded this seat near the 300 year old Kagyu monastery, which was built in the sixteenth century by the Fourth King of Sikkim, under the guidance of the ninth Karmapa. The new Rumtek was built about 2km away from this old monastery.

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Rumtek is a famous monastery, all over the world, especially among the Tibetan Buddhists. It includes a beautiful shrine temple and a monastery for the monks. The place got an existence in the Buddhist pilgrimage map, especially after Chinese habitation in Tibet and subsequent relocations of some Tibetan religious gurus to Sikkim.

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The new monastery was completed in 1966, in four years’ time, the foundation stone of which was laid by the king of Sikkim. Thus, it is obvious that Buddhists consider the place as highly pristine.

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Dharma Chakra Centre is located in eastern Sikkim, 24 km away from Gangtok. Rumtek is situated at an altitude of about 5800 ft. the temperature in summer is maximum 20.7 and minimum 13.1 degree centigrade and in winter maximum 14.9 to minimum 7.7. The best season to visit, in terms of weather, is March to late May or from October to mid-December.

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Besides the luxuriously sprawling green landscape, and a mild weather, smiling people, traditions that touch the conscience and the beautiful monastery, there is some important Buddhist institutions in the place are the attractions in Rumtek Monastery.

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The monastery holds annual events for the public. Two of the most festive and important events are held each summer and winter. In the fourth lunar month of Tsurphu Tibetan calendar either the Guru Rinpoche or the Vajrakilaya Drupchen takes place. The practice events lasts for ten days and are followed by the traditional sacred lama dance of the eight manifestations of Guru Padmasambhava, Yidam dieties and other protectors. At the end of lunar year, in 12th month, Rumtek holds another festive ten day practice of the Mahakala Protector. This is followed by the traditional sacred lama dance of Mahakala.

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To experience such a historic Rumtek Monastery, you must select one of the best ‘Sikkim Holiday Packages’ available at various sites.

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Jama Masjid in Kashmir At Srinagar

Jama Masjid is a mosque at Srinagar, which comes under the state of Jammu and Kashmir. It is situated at Nowhatta, in the middle of the old city. It is an important mosque in Srinagar, which is built by Sultan Sikandar in 1400 AD. Later his son Sultan Sikandar, and Zain-ul-Abidin got the mosque extended. 370 wooden pillers and beautiful courtyard along with Indo-Saracenic architecture are some of the attractions of Jama Masjid. On each friday, the mosque is flocked by thousands of Muslims to offer prayers. This mosque has seen suffered from several destruction till date, as it was ruined thrice by fire and was reconstructed each time.

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Another feature of the mosque is the peace and tranquility inside it, standing out against the hustle of the old bazars around it. Jama Masjid is known as one of the sacred mosques in India. Be it the holiness or the conatructional elegance, the mosque is unparalleled in every aspect. The area of Jama Masjid extends up to an area of 384 feet by 381 feet. This spacious mosque holds a capacity to accommodate more than 33,333 people offering prayer at a time. However, there is a perfectly square garden in the middle and the mosque is surrounded by wide lanes on all the four sides. At the peak, about 100,000 people offer prayers together.

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While looking into the origin and construction if Jama Masjid, the name of Maharaja Pratap Singh comes several times as it was during his Kingdom that the maintenance and repair works of the mosque was carried out. Pratap Singh enthusiastically encouraged the reconstruction of Jama Masjid many a time and even offered financial assistance too. The mosque was destroyed thrice by fire and rebuilt each time by Maharaja Pratap Singh. Despite if this, Jama Masjid still today stands tall and evokes the glorious historical stories to each visitor.

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Such a beautiful feature of Srinagar i.e ‘Jama Masjid’ must be included in every ‘Kashmir Holiday Packages’ which are selected by the tourists while going to Kashmir.

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